Brain Injury and Stroke with Foot Deformity
Spastic equinovarus foot deformity is a common result of a brain injury or stroke. It causes the foot to turn inward and to the side. Equinovarus foot deformity is not usually painful or symptomatic, but it makes it more difficult for a patient to walk and in some cases can promote arthritis over time.
Treatment often begins with nonsurgical methods such as manipulation and casting. The foot is manipulated into the proper position and then placed in a cast to stay in the corrected position. When nonsurgical techniques are unsuccessful, surgery may be required to correct equinovarus foot deformity. Surgery for this condition usually involves adjusting the tendons, ligaments and joints in the foot and ankle to keep it in a corrected position.