General Foot Care for Diabetics
People with diabetes are at high risk for developing problems with their feet. More than half of diabetics lose sensation in their feet due to nerve or blood vessel damage, and can hurt themselves without knowing it. To make things worse, diabetes slows healing and weakens the immune system, so what may seem like an inconsequential injury can quickly become a major problem. Even the smallest of foot and ankle injuries such as a blister or ingrown toenail can lead to infection and tissue death.
Diabetic patients with foot problems often experience pain, difficulty walking and other symptoms that may affect their overall quality of life. Surgery is often needed to correct these conditions and to keep the foot as healthy as possible and prevent more serious problems that can require amputation of the foot.
The type of surgery performed depends on the type and severity of the condition, but aims to restore function and stability to the foot, as well as relieving pain and restoring a proper appearance. Surgery may involve any part of the foot, including the tendons, bones, joints, tissue or skin. Metal screws, pins, wires and plates may be used to help the foot heal and ensure a full recovery. Most reconstructive procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis using minimally invasive techniques.
It is important to exercise extreme care when undergoing surgery, as patients with diabetes are at a higher risk for infection and other complications. Choosing an experienced doctor to perform your procedure can help reduce the associated risks.